Car seat - this seat, which is installed in the car to transport children. The official name of child car seats - child restraints.
Regular car seat belts are designed for adults size. For the transport of children from birth to around 12 years (until such time as the child reaches the weight of 36 kg and his height will not make more than 1.5 meters) are child car seats.
The main task of child car seats - to provide small passenger safety, not only in the event of an accident, but also the sudden braking or an emergency maneuver. It is important that a car seat was properly secured in the vehicle and the child it was properly fastened.
For this child car seats are supplied with stickers that store instructions that clearly describe the correct methods of attachment. As children's car seats to help the kids to travel in comfort.
In the world of conventional classification by weight groups, according to the norms ECE R44/04.
Weight (Group 0) - less than 10 kg. Approximate age - from birth to 6 months. The method of installation - sideways to the direction of travel.
Weight (Group 0 +) - less than 13 kg. Approximate age - from birth to 1 year. The installation method - face counter-movement.
Weight (group I) - 9 to 18 kg. Approximate age - from 9 months to 4 years. The method of installation - facing forwards.
Weight (group II) - 15 to 25 kg. Approximate age - from 3 to 7 years. The method of installation - facing forwards.
Weight (group III) - 22 to 36 kg Approximate age - from 6 to 12 years of installation method - forward facing.
The infant car seat can fit into one or more of the mass group. The most popular children's car seats, which are designed for children the following age groups:
Baby car seat group 0 +
Designed for children from birth to 1 year (weighing less than 13 kg). Face set against a course of motion, the child is attached integrated internal straps. Often, child car seat group 0 + called carry - they are relatively lightweight, have a carrying handle and can be used at home as a rocking chair.
Some models can be installed in a special database, which are mounted in the vehicle. This facilitates the removal / installation of carrying and, more often, improving safety. Baby car seat group 0 + the best choice for a newborn baby.
Baby car seat group 0 + / I
Designed for children from 6 months to about 4 years (maximum weight of 18 kg). Set face first against a course of motion, the child is attached integrated internal straps. When the child grows up to about 18 months, it is necessary to install a car seat facing forwards.
Are adjustable to change the angle of the provisions of sleep / wakefulness. Baby car seat group 0 + / I - the best choice for a child who is already 6 months old.
Baby car seat Group I
Designed for children from 9 months to approximately 4 years (up from 9 to 18 kg). Installed forward facing, the child is attached integrated internal straps. There is also a model in which the baby is not fixed internal belts, and a special table security. Are adjustable to change the angle of the provisions of sleep / wakefulness.
Baby car seat Group I / II / III
Designed for children from 9 months to about 12 years (up from 9 to 36 kg). Installed facing forwards. A child up to 15 kg weight is fixed by internal straps, which are then removed. There is also a model in which the baby is not fixed internal belts, and a special table security.
Older children (from 4 years) are locked in a car seat regular seat belt. Baby car seat Group I / II / III is often called universal - they are designed for children of a wide age range.
Baby car seat Group II / III
Designed for children ages 3 and up to about 12 years (between 15 and 36 kg). Installed forward facing, the child in the car seat is fixed regular seat belt. Most often, a car seat group II / III is back. But there are also so-called boosters, who are deprived of the back.
Attaching child safety seats:
There are two main ways of attaching child seats in the car. The first - with the help of standard car safety belts. This is the most common method of attachment, they can fix the vast majority of car seats. Second - with the help of Isofix.
This system is a built-in child seat rails with metal clasps on the end and special scraper built into the seat. Not all cars have such a system. To find out if Isofix in your car, consult your dealer or to the instructions.
Isofix attachment system is the safest and most convenient way of mounting child seat. It virtually eliminates errors when installing a child car seat. But models with this system are significantly more expensive.
Almost all child car seats with the Isofix also be fixed with regular automotive belts. This is useful if you need to transport your child in the car is not equipped with a system of straps Isofix.
In the U.S., common mounting system LATCH. It is similar to the European Isofix. The main difference is that instead of metal rails with a padlock at the Isofix system used LATCH straps with locks.